The past week has seen widening violence throughout the Middle East and threats of violence on US college campuses. What initially may have looked like isolated extremist reactions to an amateurish You-Tube video now looks like a bubbling up of deeply seeded anger and resentment aimed at local power holders in addition the US. The long simmering discontent merely brandished the silly video in effigy to coincide with the anniversary of the 9/11 attacks. The cascade of consequences seems to be an ever-escalating loop of one group retaliating for the destructive actions of another group in the name of “justice.”
My spirituality group just finished reading Forgiving Ararat, a novel that explores themes of justice and forgiveness. The notion of justice portrayed in the book, however, is limited to retributive justice, a kind of justice that seeks to settle the score by giving wrongdoers what they deserve. It thereby juxtaposes forgiveness against justice, as if they are opposites.
Who can’t identify with that? Sometimes the ones who wronged us appear to be getting off scot free. No one is holding them accountable for their misdeeds. We might cling to resentment out of our sense of justice, to hold the wrongdoers to account. But Oprah and Dr. Phil tell us holding anger and resentment is like eating rat poison and expecting the rats to die. Our resentment really doesn’t hurt our offenders as much as it poisons our own lives. Knowing this intellectually, however, doesn’t make releasing resentment in an act of forgiveness a slam dunk to do.
When I am working with folks trying to escape their resentments, I try to get the offenders and what they deserve out of the middle of the matter. I encourage folks to put their own spiritual reality and relationship with God in the center instead. Our injuries impair how we respond to others. Harms suffered get tangled up with harms done. When we take a cold hard look at our own actions and can honestly say we care more about receiving forgiveness for the harms we ourselves committed than what our offenders deserve, forgiveness is within our reach.
Are forgiveness and justice really mutually exclusive? It’s a timely question in the Jewish tradition. Today marks the beginning of the Days of Awe, the time between Rosh Hashanah and Yom Kippur when Jews examine their misdeeds over the past year, repair their wrongdoing and seek forgiveness from those they harmed. Making amends not only repairs harm to the victim but also restores the soul of the sinner. Thus, the Jewish approach to justice makes both the wrongdoer and the one wronged whole. Through the healing power of forgiveness, this restorative justice promotes peace and reconciliation.
Join the conversation. What kind of justice are you going to seek today—the kind that restores wholeness or the kind that settles the score?
Copyright 2012 Stephanie Walker All rights reserved. Visit http://www.AcrossTraditions.com.