While on the topic of justice, forgiveness and consequences deserved, and on this Day of Atonement with it’s Closing of the Gates imagery, I’d like to ponder how dwelling on deserving drags our discourse down. Because it is election season, let’s pick a political example. The flap over Romney’s secretly recorded 47% statement seems to be timely fodder. While I’m uninterested in speculating about Romney’s intention, I am interested in the question his words beg of us all. Here’s what Romney said:
“All right — there are 47 percent [of US citizens] who are with him [Obama], who are dependent on government, who believe that, that they are victims, who believe that government has the responsibility to care for them. Who believe that they are entitled to healthcare, to food, to housing.”
Lingering over the last few words, I can’t help noticing we’re talking the lower levels of Maslow’s Hierarchy of needs, here. I posed this question on Twitter:
What do social justice Jews and brother’s keeper Christians think of folks feeling “entitled to healthcare, to food, to housing?”
Jews view the question through the lens of tzedakah. Often translated “charity,” tzedakah is actually the opposite of charity in important respects. Whereas nobody is compelled to give charity, tzedakah is commanded. Recipients aren’t entitled to charity, but tzedakah recipients are entitled to what’s fair. Mainomides organized tzedakah into priorities and levels of giving. Tzedakah priorities are like concentric circles around the giver, obligating the giver first and foremost to be responsible for himself and his immediate family before seeing to the needs of his more extended family, his religious community, his community at large, his fellow countrymen and, ultimately, people in dire straits across the globe. The lowest level of giving is to give grudgingly. Higher levels are defined by whether one gives after being asked or before, whether recipients are known or strangers, and whether a donor receives recognition or gives anonymously. The highest level of all is giving someone a way to become self-sufficient.
Jews are nothing if not pragmatic, and the tzedakah tradition does require the giver to give responsibly, but it is important to note the emphasis on the giver’s obligation, not what the recipient deserves.
What does Christian teaching have to say? Jesus left a pretty robust bread crumb trail on this one. We have the socially despised Samaritan who saved a stranger’s life and paid his hotel bill, no less. We’re told much will be required from everyone to whom much has been given. And perhaps most germane to this topic is the admonishment to pay your taxes AND to give charitably. Here again, the Christian tradition emphasizes doing the right thing for the sake of righteousness, not based on the merits of the guy lying in the ditch.
What happens to the conversation when we focus on the guy in the ditch? Ponder this:
To blame the poor for subsisting on welfare has no justice unless we are also willing to judge every rich member of society by how productive he or she is. Taken individual by individual, it is likely that there’s more idleness and abuse of government favors among the economically privileged than among the ranks of the disadvantaged.
~ Norman Mailer (1923-2007)
No one deserved to be born on 3rd base. Self-made millionaires didn’t deserve to be born in the land of opportunity instead of in an oppressive regime. If you want to focus on who deserves what, I would make a case for the hard working immigrants who came to the USA with nothing and made the most of opportunities that came their way, not unlike our nation’s founders, but the current prevailing view is that immigrants aren’t deserving if their parents broke the law to get here.
No matter where you stand in the political spectrum, dwelling on deserving leaves us wanting to take something away. Tax wealthy estates. Deport the high school valedictorian. Let poor kids go hungry. They didn’t earn it. We sit in the judge’s seat when we focus on deserving. When we focus on human dignity and human potential instead, we are reminded of ourselves. When we do so with gratitude, we realize our cup is running over and we lift others up out of the abundance of our blessings. The twitter question was not rhetorical.
Join the conversation. Is healthcare, food and housing too much to require from those to whom much has been given?
Copyright 2012 Stephanie Walker All rights reserved. Visit http://www.AcrossTraditions.com.